As noted in an earlier section, there are two ways to attempt to bond oxygen to water for drinking water products: a multiplicity of synthetic process; and a natural process.

Typical of the synthetic processes is the application of high pressure to oxygen in the presence of water at low temperatures. As explained below, this procedure invariably fails to produce a permanent or even semi-permanent bond between the oxygen molecule(s) and the host water molecules.

When the water bottle is opened, the majority (if not all) of the oxygen escapes to the open air, much like carbon dioxide escapes from a carbonated beverage container once the container is opened to atmospheric pressure.

Another process by which some companies attempt to introduce oxygen into water is to simply bubble various types of ozone into water under pressure.

This is the manner in which ozone is normally placed in bottled water to eliminate or prohibit bacterial growth while the bottled water is on the shelf awaiting use.

In the process of eliminating bacteria, the ozone compound degenerates to an oxygen molecule but still fail to bond properly with the host water molecules and thus escape in a manner similar to the failed procedure described in the above paragraphs.

Some may argue that the oxygenated water "cocktail" served to Soviet and Eastern European athletes during Olympic competitions two to three decades ago was highly effective in increasing metabolic functions and thus provided these athletes with an added, short-term energy boost, similar to certain steroids.

We don't know all of the procedures followed in the manufacture of these oxygen "cocktails" for these Soviet athletes but it is safe to assume that the process was conducted on the Olympic premises where consumption of the oxygen laced beverage followed directly on the heels of its production, perhaps in the locker rooms or other staging areas.


The proper way to bond oxygen with water and have it effectively enter the body's cells where it is useful in a wide variety of ways entails the use of several physical phenomena which occur in nature itself.

The following list of design criteria apply in general to the production of MOST types of functional water. The list is provided with special notations for the production of oxygenated water. The order of these design criteria does not imply an order of importance or an order in which the related functions are required to be conducted in the process of creating oxygenated water.


all processes must be conducted in the "nano-meter" range where quantum physics effects can begin to be observed and/or controlled and subsequently be suitable for cellular responsiveness.

Biochemists, physicists, neurobiological specialists and other legitimate scientists who have worked with functional water have determined that in order for such waters to be effective in the human body(or animals or plants), the water altering process must be done with extremely small physical entities---entities on the order of nanometer sizes.

A nanometer is 9 orders of magnitude smaller than one meter(roughly three feet). These extremely small dimensions are necessary because any materials which can pass through cell membranes into the interior of the cell(where all the action is, so to speak) must have nanometer dimensions.

Water altering technologies which do not use such "nanometer processes" will by nature be less effective than those which do, primarily because any alterations or physical entities embodied in those alterations simply will not permeate the cellular membrane and therefore remain essentially ineffective in any cellular activity.

Conventional drugs used by the orthodox medical community normally have molecular dimensions far larger than nanometers, thus preventing any highly effective passage into the body's cells. As a result, excessive amounts of drugs are required to allow even small amounts to permeate cells, thus resulting in "side effects" due to the large amount of unused or excess drugs floating around in the body fluids.

What each category of altered/structured water has in common is an attempt to influence plant, animal or human cellular activities in some fashion, using various combinations of physical(and chemical) alterations to the basic water molecule.

This issue is vitally important since the interaction of individual cells with any external physical or electromagnetic environment is governed by receptor proteins in the cell membranes. This biophysical phenomena is at the quantum level of sensitivity. All subsequent processes must therefore be conducted in this physical range.


water purity is critically important. In the case of oxygenation, the presence of some types of inorganic material can be tolerated if all other conditions are within specific ranges; however, for any high performance functional water production, the only type of "base" water which will suffice for starting the process is single distilled water or cleaner.

In some cases, spring water has been known to provide a good "base" for oxygenated water. We suspect colloidal materials in this water aid in some of the processes described below.

Unfortunately, certain types of ionic minerals with their inherent electrical characteristics do serious damage to any type of advanced functional water such as Dr. Lorenzen's products where low level electrical signals/frequencies are imprinted into the water molecule's atomic structure "memory".

Attempting to place this type of information into water with inorganic impurities would results in a condition which would be similar to trying to hear a whisper in football stadium full of screaming fans.

Water does have "memory", being able to retain various types of electromagnetic information from very low frequency radio waves to radiation far beyond the visible spectrum and ultraviolet spectrum into x-rays and gamma rays. Water's memory characteristics have spawned a multiplicity of efforts to determine how water itself can become an advanced type of memory device for the next generation of high-speed, memory intensive computers.

However, the ability of water to "remember" this electrical information degrades with time; so the objective is to somehow utilize other nano-meter materials and effects to increase the retention time of the water's memory. The obvious objective is to maximize the strength of this "memory" as well as the rentention ability of the water. This would increase the shelf-life of any beverage processed in this manner as well as its effectiveness at "end-of-shel-life".


oxygen added to the process must be medical grade material and exist in a "micro-bubble" or "nano-bubble" state. Simply injecting medical grade oxygen from a pressurized cylinder into water and stirring or agitating the combination produces a product with little additional oxygen or with a minimal addition of oxygen which will dissipate(much as carbonated beverages lose their "fizz" in a short period of time(minutes to hours).

Unless the oxygen exists at these small dimensions, no product will be produced which has any significant retentive capabilities. A wide variety of processes can be used to create these micro-bubbles, including electrolysis and specially designed mechanical devices.


a "seed" material is usually employed. In the case of functional waters, the "seed" material has a known set of electrical and/or electromagnetic characteristics. The proper "seed" material should consist of "structure making" ions.

When the water is originally pure, the addition of "structure-making" ions is instrumental in the production of hexagonal water clusters which transit the cellular membrane better than other types of water clusters.

Through a variety of usually proprietary procedures, these electrical characteristics are mutated or transferred into this concentrate or seed material. When the seed material is subsequently mixed with distilled water, these electrical characteristics are then propagated through this distilled water in a manner similar to homeopathic processes.

A large segment of medical science places no currency in this type of homeopathic process. Unfortunately, they are totally ignorant of quantum physics and thus spend most of their energies debunking these types of procedures rather than deriving benefits for themselves and their patients/clients with these products.

Since most of these individuals seem to feel that such simple procedures do not produce tangible physiological results, compared to powerful drugs, we will press forward and allow them to remain in their state of ignorance.

For oxygen enrichment, various colloidals or silicates with extremely small dimensions can be used. These small particles, measuring in the nano-meter range, are specially treated or processed to have a negative surface charge or Zeta potential which allows this seed material to remain in suspension much like similarly designed products in paints, cosmetics and other products allow components to remain in suspension.


In the case of oxygen enrichment, the proper and effective combining of the seed or concentrate materials with oxygen micro-bubbles and the spring or purified water which is to hold these materials is done in a manner similar to that found in nature.

In nature, oxygen is tightly bonded to water in vortices formed when water and oxygen encounter one another at the very tip of these vortices. We see this phenomena whenever we observe water in a stream moving around rocks or other objects, forming small "tornadoes" or vortices.

Water running down a mountain stream, encountering thousands upon thousands of these small vortices, contains high levels of oxygen which performs other functions such as reducing bacterial problems in that water.

By comparison, standing water(lakes, reservoirs, etc) has no natural agitation whereby oxygen can be added as discussed above thus lending that type of water to uncontrolled bacterial growth.

As one progresses toward the tip of these naturally occuring vortices, the water velocity becomes greater and greater as the dimension of the vortex becomes smaller and smaller. Tremendous shear forces are at play in this part of the vortex. As these shear forces increase, the water molecules "open up" and then bond with the oxygen and its seed materials.

So much energy is present at the tip of this vortex that if one stood next to a large vortex where this phenomena was taking place, they would get a sunburn from the energy radiated at this vortex tip.

If this vortex effect is constructed properly, the colloidals and silicates which are present in this combinatorial process acquire a natural, negative surface charge called the Zeta Potential.


Zeta potential is a term commonly used in colloidal chemistry. When tiny mineral or organic particles are suspended in a fluid, Zeta potential maintains the dispersion or discreteness of the particles in suspension.

In science, we learn that like charges repel and opposite charges attract. In an ideal system like blood, we want all particulates to have a like electrical charge. If the particles have no electrical charge, the various particles will clump together and form sludge. Therefore, the higher the Zeta potential the better the dispersion of particles in suspension.

Thomas Riddick, a pioneer in colloidal chemistry, said that Zeta Potential is a basic law of nature. Without zeta potential, life could not exist. The high Zeta potential or negative electrical charge on particles entering the bloodstream may help to increase the dispersion or discreteness of blood cells by helping to enhance the electrical charge on blood colloids which include blood cells. When blood cells are free flowing, they expose maximum surface area to the blood and are therefore able to hold and transport more oxygen and other nutrients throughout the body.

To better understand the role of Zeta Potential in functional and oxygen enriched water we remember that this phenomena is a key factor in the following processes:

(A) THE PREPARATION OF COLLOIDAL DISPERSIONS for useful purposes as in paints, inks, pharmaceutical and cosmetic preparations, food products, drilling muds, dyestuffs, foams and agricultural chemicals.

(B) THE USE OF COLLOIDAL DISPERSIONS AS A STEP IN THE MANUFACTURIING PROCESSES, for example in ceramic casting, cements and plaster, brickmaking and pottery, paper coatings and catalyst supports.

(C) THE UTILIZATION OF COLLOIDAL PHENOMENA including: detergency, capillary phenomena which are important in the wetting of powders, the expulsion of oil from reservoir rock, the retention of moisture and nutrients in soil, and in the coating of surfaces, the flotation of minerals, the absorption of impurities as in sugar refining, solvents recovery and electrophoretic deposition of paints.

(D) THE DESTRUCTION OF UNWANTED COLLOIDAL DISPERSIONS in water purification, the fining of wines and beers, sewage disposal, the breaking of oil emulsions, the dewatering of sludges and the dispersal of aerosols and fogs.

Therefore, Zeta potential is well known in the biosciences and in the case of oxygen enrichment is applied to these nano-meter sized particles or colloids by the high energy vortexial effect described in (5) above.

In the heart, medical science knows that that as the heart valves open and close and as blood rushes through these heart valves, the blood spins in a vortexial fashion, creating negative surface charges on the blood cells as they leave the heart. These negative charges offset a wide range of free radicals which may be entering the body through air, water or foods. Without this constant replenishment of the Zeta Potential on our blood, all of us would be dead long before we began reading this section of the website.

Smaller colloids or silicates result in a stronger Zeta Potential. If the colloids or silicates in the "seed" or concentrate get too large, surface area decreases, Zeta Potential suffers and random collisions cause larger growth. This process is repeated until the system is destroyed.


The production of an effective, oxygen-enriched beverage requires an understanding and correct balance of a set of important design parameters, many of which interact in an extraordinary manner, thus requiring an in-depth knowledge of the operational characteristics of each design parameter.

It is easy to see, therefore, why so many oxygen enrichment processes have ended up in the ditch, failing to recognize the inherent natural composition of the process. It boils down to understanding how these components operate in nature and then carefully applying these factors to the laboratory and bottling facility environment.