are precisely TWO DIFFERENT WAYS in which to compare water purification
systems with each other:
the basis of their comparative performance and cost
the basis of their attributes to health and well-being
following two sections summarize these two different comparisons.
Our reasons for presenting this information is not one of confrontation
or to be argumentative. These are technical and cost factors
which tend to be overlooked or intentionally discarded in the
rush by most water products manufacturers and distributors to
"make the sale". It is important that you as a consumer
have accurate information in hand before you purchase any type
of home water treatment or purification system.
the other hand, we do not pretend to be your doctor or nurse
but feel obligated to present the latest and most pertinent information
on the health aspects of various types of waters, as available
from the open literature and as produced by the various water
additional types of water treatment systems are available(such
as ultraviolet, ozone, deionization, etc) we will limit our discussion
to the three most popular types of water treatment systems: steam
distillation, reverse osmosis and filtration.
water treatment systems have a finite lifetime and during that
lifetime their performance may vary, depending on system type.
Most manufacturers like to discuss the capabilities of their
systems at the time of purchase and ignore possible system performance
degradation as a function of time.
the beginning of life(fresh off the shelf) distillation, reverse
osmosis and carbon filtration systems remove, respectively, decreasing
levels of contaminants on their first day or hours of use. The
actual percentage depends on they TYPE of contaminant being removed
by the device. The types of contaminants being removed by each
type of device(% and type of contaminant) are discussed later
on this page). However, in general one can construct the type
of chart shown below which illustrates not only the initial performance
comparison of the three systems, but the long term water quality(or
% contaminant removal) expected with each type of system.
both carbon filtration and reverse osmosis systems use components(filter
elements and membranes) which become depleted, worn out or simply
exhausted over a period of time, the types of curves shown below
represent a top-level comparison of the three types of water
can see very quickly that if a certain amount of time passed
before components of the filter or reverse osmosis systems were
changed, the consumer would be drinking what amounts to tap water.
comparison, distillation produces virtually totally pure water,
not only at the onset of operation but day after day, month after
month and even year after year. This is because natural processes
are at work in the distillation system---team and gravity. Steam
is always produced by the boiling process of distillation(see
introductory chart on distillation) while gravity is always on
the job, separating dissolved solids from the steam.
membranes and filters which comprise the heart of reverse osmosis
and filtration systems cannot compete with the purity of water
at the onset of system operation or over time, when compared
with water distillation.
With the Sole Exception of Steam Distillation, all other home
use water treatment systems provided a progressively degraded
quality of water.
is completely alone in its ability to remove dangerous bacteria
and other \micro-organisms. Other systems may act a s a fertile
breeding ground for bacteria - providing a potentially dangerous
environment for individuals sensitive to bacterial contaminants
- for example any immune system disorder plus individuals on
chemotherapy, antibiotics, children with cystic fibrosis, diabetics,
TYPE OF CONTAMINANT IS ALL-IMPORTANT
are four(4) general categories of contaminants in water supplies:
Metals(not related to any rock band)
one could select which of these categories of water contaminants
were the most important or had the most devastating effect on
human health, it would be the first category, biological. See
Pathogens, Bacteria page for more information.
individuals are becoming ill(many seriously), worldwide, by exposure
to biological contaminants in drinking water than any other type
of water contaminant. In fact, with an incredible increase in
all types of immune deficient health conditions, biological hazards
are taking on an even greater importance to consumers as well
as water treatment experts.
this in mind, if one compares the effectiveness of the three
systems, we find that only Steam Distillation and Ceramic
removes all bacteria, pathogenic or otherwise, from the incoming
water. Carbon filters are known breeding grounds for bacteria.
Carbon filters impregnated with silver only slow the growth rate
of bacteria(that is why they are referred to as "bacteriostatic"
rather than "bactericidal" systems. Reverse osmosis
systems also do not remove microbiological contaminants. In fact,
like carbon filters, they are known to act as breeding grounds
of the pivotal studies which conclusively proved that reverse
osmosis systems acted as intensive breeding grounds for bacteria
appeared in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, April 1991.
this milestone study, entitled
Health Effects Associated with the Consumption of Drinking Water
Produced by Point-of-Use Domestic Reverse-Osmosis Filtration
demonstrated that individuals using reverse osmosis water systems
were exposed to levels of filter-induced bacteria similar to
what is encountered in third-workd countries. This is clearly
news that the US reverse osmosis industry does not want you the
such as this has been suppressed from the US press. In fact,
when the story originally broke and while we were writing several
articles for the national water press, we approached one of the
major water monthly publications and proposed discussing this
issue as part of a larger treatment of microbiological water
editor told me that even though the Canadian study was factual
and apparently without fault, it would be impossible for him
to include such materials in his publication because the US reverse
osmosis manufacturers who advertised profusely in his magazine
would tear him apart. This disturbing incident led us to produce
another article entitled Censored Science which appears
on this Web Site.
point in discussing this particular example is quite simple:
what is sometimes promoted by the water industry and its dealers
does not necessary track with the facts. Do not be misled by
crafty advertising brochures which give the impression that a
particular device or system is capable of doing more than it
scientifically is capable of doing. Many manufacturers and their
dealers would dearly love to have their systems "grow up"
to do things that more capable systems routinely do.
filtration companies add various types of silver to their filter
compositions, claiming that the silver creates a "bacteriostatic"
condition to reduce bacteria contamination. That may be true
for non-pathogenic(benign) bacteria types, but we have yet to
see any type of filter manufacturer recommend the use of their
filter under water conditions when bacteria which causes illness
same story is true regarding home-use type reverse osmosis systems:
no manufacturers claim(or can legally claim) that their system
is a "purifier", capable of dealing with biological
three recent national emergencies(the Northridge California Earthquake,
the Loma Prieta California Earthquake and the Cryptosporidium
outbreak in Milwaukee, Wisconsin), officials warned the public
not to drink water processed by methods than boiling or distillation.
We saw no evidence whatsoever of dealers or manufacturers promoting
reverse osmosis or filtration technologies for these situations.
here were cases when it was important to remove dangerous contaminants
from drinking water. And, both filtration and reverse osmosis
failed to be effective in removing those dangerous contaminants.
Why, one would ask, is there any reason, other than aesthetic
water taste or odor, to buy a water treatment system such as
reverse osmosis or filtration if it is the intent of the consumer
to be protected against dangerous water contaminants such as
homeowner buys a homeowner's insurance policy to protect him
or her 24 hours a day, 365 days per year against the house burning
down. The policy protects the homeowner on the days when there
is no danger to the homeowners property as well as on the day
when the house may burn down.
if a homeowner buys a water treatment system, he or she is buying
it with the intent that it will protect them on the "good
days" when there may NOT be dangerous contaminants in the
water as well as the day or hour when there could be dangerous
contaminants(bacteria) in the water.
the case of carbon filtration and reverse osmosis, these systems
will work only on the "good water" days and fail on
the "bad water" days. Is that a smart investment?
EXCEPTION - CERAMIC FILTRATION SYSTEMS
exception to the situation above is ceramic filtration technology
ceramic materials are compressed into a densely packed arrangement,
effectively blocking the movement or migration of particles smaller
than 0.2 to 0.3 microns. This is the size of the smallest known
microbiological contaminants. Therefore, ceramic filtration systems
are useful in removing bacteria from unsafe water supplies. When
combined with carbon, these systems become even more effective
in dealing with water contamination problems which may contain
BOTH bacteria and dangerous organic chemicals---problems one
may find in Y2K or other domestic emergencies. See the section
on Emergency Water Systems.
AND NATURAL WATER STURCTURES
is what a normal, natural collection or cluster of pure water
molecules looks like---a six-sided, hexagonal form. What you
see at the right is the energy pattern emitted by six symmetrically
arranged water molecules. This arrangement of water molecules
is created by the loose hydrogen bonds between atoms of hydrogen
and oxygen in adjacent water molecules .
and particle physicists tell us that this hexagonal form is the
form which occurs naturally in pure rain, fresh snow ,AND DISTILLED WATER.
also say it is the best
type of water "structure" for
hydration of the body's cells;
transfer of nutrients into the cells; and
best suited for electrical communications between cells.
of this remained unknown until recently when extremely sensitive
electronics devices were able to identify low-level energy patterns
which are radiated from various materials, including water.
these same biochemists tell us that a HEALTHY BODY has water
molecules which are PREDOMINANTLY SIX SIDED in structure as shown
above. A WATER DISTILLER will produce water with this hexagonal
characteristic---identical to naturally occurring water from
pure rain or fresh snow(remember all snowflakes have six sides/points).
we see another type of water molecule arrangement---one which
has five(5) molecules joined by the weak hydrogen bond. It also
is a "clean" type of water but has an un-natural or
deformed cluster structure.
who have studied these water structures in both nature and in
humans tell us
that this type of "unnatural" water structure is found
in humans and animals where the IMMUNE SYSTEM IS MALFUNCTIONING.
In particular, this type of pentagonal(5-sided) water structure
is found in AIDS, HIV and other immune deficient individuals
and all protein systems that are disease producing.
is indeed astonishing. Whereas the six-sided water "cluster"
found in rain, show and distilled water is found in YOUNG or
HEALTHY individuals and other healthy protein forms, unhealthy
individuals, older individuals and protein systems which are
prone to disease have this deformed, un-natural water structure.
MAKE SPECIAL NOTE OF THIS FACT BECAUSE THESE SAME BIOCHEMISTS
HAVE DETERMINED THAT REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEMS PRODUCE THIS
EXACT SAME TYPE OF PENTAGONAL WATER STRUCTURE.
is no reason to believe that those individuals who possess this
un-natural type of water structure in the bodies, and whose immune
system is dysfunctional got that condition by drinking reverse
osmosis water. What one can conclude at this point is that there
appears to be a distinct, "un-natural" structure to
the all-important aspect of cellular water in both illness prone
humans, disease producing proteins and reverse osmosis water.
the process of "osmosis" is a known NATURAL phenomena,
the process of "reverse osmosis" is EXACTLY OPPOSITE
to that original, natural(osmosis) process. In other words, REVERSE
osmosis is an un-natural process---and appears to be producing
a relatively clean but un-natural type of water.
is possible that in the rush to produce water treatment systems(for
drinking) which produce water which is relatively free of inorganics,
heavy metals and organic contaminants, the equipment engineers
have overlooked perhaps the most important aspect of water itself---its
intrinsic, natural structure and its healthful aspects for the
is also important to remember that reverse osmosis systems were
initially developed to produce "clean" water for industrial
purposes 50 years ago. No thought was given at that time to the
factors discussed above, obviously because of the lack of adequate
instrumentation to measure the extremely important energy aspects
of the "water structures" shown above.
or TAP WATER---WATER COMPLETELY WITHOUT STRUCTURE
we have water at probably its worst energy state---possessing
no structure, no organization whatsoever and, according to biochemists,
essentially useless in the three areas we noted above(cellular
hydration, nutrient transfer and inter-cellular communications).
minerals(inorganic materials) such as calcium, sodium, chemical
compounds completely "de-structure" the water molecules,
breaking the loose hydrogen/oxygen bonds illustrated at the beginning
of this page.
which is produced by simple carbon, sediment or even ceramic
filtration procedures does not remove the inorganic materials
which produce the un-structured water product shown below.
result is a "mish-mash" of water structures, similar
to what biochemists tell us occurs in situations where proton
densities are low(er).
this brings up the next and perhaps most controversial question
related to water treatment, filtration and purification systems,
MINERALS IN THE WATER---do
we need them?.
for the above include Dr. L. Lorenzen and Dr. J. Mushuk
IT REALLY WORTH THE EXTRA EFFORT TO PURIFY YOUR DRINKING WATER?
is important to remember that every type of home water purifier
as well as every type of "purified" drinking water
has it's individual advantages or meets a specific customer or
the final analysis, selecting a specific type of home water purifier
or type of "purified" bottled water simply reduces
to how pure you want your drinking water. Once you decide how
pure the water needs to be, you have selected the system you
purified(filtered) water: use a carbon filter(do not use silver-impregnated
purified water: use a reverse osmosis system(and have the unit
checked for proper performance every couple of months)
purified water: steam distillation with carbon prefiltration.
BEST FOR YOU?
do you know what type of water purifier is best suited for you,
in your residential area?
consider the fact that the quality of tap water in your area
may be vastly different from that of a friend a few miles away
who receives his or her tap water from a completely different
set of water sources.
seasonal changes to water sources may dramatically change the
quality of your water on a monthly or even weekly basis. The
reaction of municipal water treatment facilities to changing
source water conditions can produce even more dramatic changes
in the taste, odor and visual condition of your water(chlorine,
ammonia, lime, acids, etc.)
each of us have different bodily capabilities to ward off colds,
infections or even chemical contaminants from air and water.
Therefore, a chemical, salt or metal contaminant from water which
might not affect another person might be successful in attacking
your body, or vice versa. And this could vary from contaminant
to contaminant, and possibly from chemical to chemical.
these variables and unknowns about possible chemical contaminants,
and combinations thereof, inadequate water treatment, outdated
water plumbing systems and other hazards, water purification
at the POINT-OF-USE, in the home using a STEAM DISTILLATION SYSTEM
WITH A CARBON PREFILTER will ensure the highest quality of drinking
water possible .
the system which is CONSISTENT WITH THE OTHER PORTIONS OF YOUR
FAMILY'S LIFESTYLE. If you are concerned about good nutrition,
good rest and exercise, steam
distilled water is CONSISTENT WITH THAT LIFESTYLE!
increasing pollution of water sources used by our municipal water
systems has forced a great number of your friends and neighbors
to find more reliable sources of pure, clean drinking water.
this search for better drinking water, the consumer is faced
with two alternatives: bottled water or home water purifiers.
Bottled water comes under many labels---"spring", "mineral",
"drinking", "purified", "filtered",
"distilled", and others.
the other hand, a home water purifier will produce various qualities
of drinking water in the consumers home---the quality depending
directly on the technique used---filtration, reverse osmosis(a
type of filtration) or steam distillation.
people are misled or confused by these various systems---in many
cases assuming that the quality of water obtained from any one
of these three types of systems would be basically the same---very
pure, very clean, etc.
this is not the case. Only distillation is capable of removing
virtually all of the five major categories of water pollution:
bacterial contaminants, inorganics(salts), heavy metals, organic
(carbon-based) chemicals, and radioactive contaminants.
A wide variety of articles which have appeared in
local and national newsprint related to the problem(s) associated
with the analysis and purchasing of home water treatment devices
is given below. The list will expand on a regular basis so plan
to revisit the site to review and enjoy the subsequent articles.
"Censored Science "-
the media and science is keeping from you regarding your drinking
WATER PURIFIERS---SORTING FACT FROM FICTION --WHEN NEEDS TURN
candid look at how many water dealers and manufacturers have
forgotten that providing pure water to the public is a service
function. The view of many of these companies is one of how best
to rip off the customer instead.
Water - Sorting Facts from Confusion:" a collection
of questions you should review which will assist you in determining
what type of issue are important when considering a home water
purification system or simply purchasing water for drinking purposes.
vs. Hype in the Water Industry: a candid
look at the reality which sets in once water dealers feet are
placed to the fire by circumstances which expose various types
of water treatment devices to serious challenges.
Water Purification Systems: the Good, Bad and the Ugly: another
insight into the inner workings of the water purification industry.
Water - Natural versus Synthetic:
a unique view of water and its relationship to good health.
a lighter side look at system comparisons, Go to "Politically
Correct Water Purifiers"