In the United States, Japan and Russia the electrolytic treatment of water has been promoted as a highly promising water treatment solution for several decades. Unfortunately, due to some serious limitations, it has been impractical or economically unfeasible for use except in a very narrow range of industrial applications.
Continual technological breakthroughs in this area hold the promise to make electrolytic water treatment both a practical and economical process for a wide range of commercial, industrial, medical, dental and possibly drinking water applications.
Electrolysis as a water treatment process typically produces two forms of altered water: a reduced or alkaline(high pH) water; and an oxidized or acidic(low pH) water.
This electrolysis process is illustrated below.
The Basic Electrolysis Process is as follows
Ideally, sodium chloride salts(NaCl) are added to pure water
Voltage is applied across anode and cathode
Cathode area produces alkaline(reducing) water
Anode area produces acidic(oxidizing) water
- high ORP
- low pH
- high Dissolved Oxygen(DO) and residual Cl
- hypochlorous acid
Some of the features of electrolyzed water include:
- adherents promote it as a process which requires no chemicals with essentially nothing added to the water.
This is not entirely true for all applications. For example, as shown above where pure water(ion free) is needed for medical or dental applications, tap water is unacceptable and the "input" water for the electrolysis process must be "doped" with sodium chloride or other inorganic salts. Claims include:
- produces hyperoxygenated water which can kill bacteria, viruses and other biological contaminants in various medical and dental applications and provide significant and highly beneficial effects to plants, animals and humans;
- causes organic and inorganic water-borne contaminants to coagulate and precipitate out of solution, rendering them easy to remove with simple filtration; and
- breaks down harmful, toxic substances into non-harmful components.
Whereas these features indicate that a wide variety of benefits can accrue from electrolysis technology, the crippling technical, economic and mechanical limitations of conventional(current) technology being produced or developed in the U.S., Russia and Japan has severely restricted the use of electrolysis to mere demonstration purposes in a manner which has not allowed the technology's primary attributes to be brought to bear on significant water treatment problems.
Electrolyzed water can be considered a type of "functional" water, whereby the ability of water to
- apparently carry nutrients; and
- penetrate cellular structures with these nutrients is claimed to be considerably enhanced.
A wide variety of water structuring technologies exist in laboratory and limited production environments and are known to provide surprising levels of growth enhancement for plants, animals and aquatic entities. The ability of scientists and engineers to provide consistency and persistence of these "structured water" features will have a major impact on the efficiency and profitability of agricultural, aqua culture, animal and poultry operations worldwide.
Certain scientists claim that electrolyzed water also holds significant promise for use by humans whereby the ability to hold and transport essential nutrients to the body are made possible by a variety of proprietary methodologies.
Significant percentages of selected foreign populations now claim to find measurable and surprising results from the use of simple, electrolyzed water. Encapsulating various nutritional elements with the electrolyzation and "structuring" process is seen by some scientists as a major advance in the growing nutraceutical marketplace.
HOWEVER, THERE IS NO CLINICAL EVIDENCE OR INDEPENDENT, THIRD PARTY TESTING TO VERIFY THESE CLAIMS.
Benefits which can be realized immediately from the application of THE ACIDIC PORTION of electrolyzed/structured water include the following:
ANTI-MICROBIAL DENTAL AND MEDICAL(Click HERE for more info.)
The use of selected features of the electrolyzation process to destroy micro-organisms in dental and medical environments. Specifically, the application of this technology to the growing problem with "biofilm" in dental waterlines is seen as a significant milestone in the art of infection control. Dental waterlines are known to be populated with hundreds of types of pathogenic and non-pathogenic microbes, numbering at times in the hundreds of thousands per milliliter of water
This serious and continuing problem is one for which the American Dental Association is seeking a sound and universal solution and one which portents serious consequences for individuals who may be experiencing an immunodeficient condition while exposed to these incredible numbers of micro-organisms.
The "area" where microorganisms can grow or survive is shown in red in the chart above. Electrolyzed water is shown in the green portion of the chart.
The expanded use of this "anti-microbial" feature to general sanitation problems in medical, dental, restaurant(food preparation), public restrooms and other areas where microbial growths are known to present potential health threats.
the use of selected features of the electrolyzed or structured water in animal husbandry operations, specifically poultry farming, milk and egg production and cattle and swine feed lots. The use of electrolyzed water for these applications is known to provided substantial health and economic gains resulting from improved feed conversion in animals, decreased morbidity and mortality, faster maturation and reduced needs for antibiotics, steroids, hormones and feed additives.
In addition, specific features of the electrolysis process can be used to treat water used for animal watering operations as well as recycle feed lot and feed pen water to make it suitable for animal consumption. Water contamination from hardness, iron, bacteria and other pollutants has a significant effect on deformation, growth, disease and mortality rates for animals and a direct impact on overall product quality which can be related to bottom line profitability.
Finally, selected attributes of this same electrolysis technology can be applied to the problem of microbe and waste control in animal feed lots, poultry feed pens, etc. Reduced use of toxic chemicals in this regard has direct benefits, affecting not only the animals but also the caretaker/farmer.
AQUA CULTURE(FISH FARMING)
The electrolytic/structured water treatment process is known to increase the number of fish that can be raised in a given(size) pond by at least three to four times. It also speeds growth, reduces morbidity and mortality, improves feed conversion, reduces the economic incentive to use hormones and antibiotics, and reduces water pumping and transfer system requirements and maintenance.
An increasing number of microbiological entities in both fresh and salt water pose serious threats to the profitability of aqua culture operations both domestically and internationally. The increasing growth of domestic and international aqua culture operations coupled with these microbiological(and chemical) threats present a clear signal that aqua culture professionals need to seek new and innovative means to offset impending financial problems which can be caused by such chemical and microbial threats.
The use of electrolytic/structured water provides relief in microbial and chemical control through the use of proprietary technologies designed to eliminate organisms and toxic chemicals which may reduce profitability. At the same time, far larger, faster maturing and healthier aqua culture products can be produced when selected features of the electrolysis process are combined with feeding procedures. Therefore, the two largest enemies of aqua culture today(oxygen depletion and disease) can be effectively combatted with the new technology.
Finally, a related but significant benefit that comes by virtue of the electrolysis process is the elimination of most of the troublesome and costly drawbacks of conventional aqua culture aeration and oxygenation methods, especially the dangers associated with nitrogen super-saturation, high levels of total gas pressure, and oxygen depletion due to dark cycle aquatic plant respiration.
Several benefits are provided by the use of the new electrolysis/structured water technology:
- accelerated plant growth
- improved root development
- increased yields
- reduced needs for pesticides and fertilizer(plants are hardier and easier to cultivate)
- removal/destruction of pesticides and herbicides in irrigation run-off water
- conservation of water through reuse.
Once again, the bottom line profitability of the growing greenhouse marketplace can be improved substantially through these benefits. Products such as "green" pesticides---structured water products which produce identical, anti-pest capabilities without the use of chemicals are seen as primary focal areas in this growing industry(primarily foodstuffs) in the coming years.
Environmental and immune system damage due to pesticide, herbicide and fungicial exposure is increasing exponentially with this market growth and represents a significant reason to consider alternatives to toxic, organic-based applicants.
Cautions about the use of Electrolyzed Water:
Colloids are minute particles which normally possess negative surface charges, thus repelling one another. The Rouleaux effect(or "clumping" effect) is caused by cells somehow losing their repelling effect and "clumping", thus reducing oxidation areas and creating blockage of local blood flow. This clumping effect is suspected of reducing the effective surface areas of the cells to less than 10-20%.
Positive ions(cations) such as "structure breaking" aluminum carry a net, positive charge. Thus, compounds made from aluminum can destroy(or negate) the negative charge on the colloid, destabilizing or polymerizing it and causing the coagulation or Rouleaux effect since the electrical charges which kept the colloids discretely separate now are neutralized.
Aluminum, a known "structure breaking" ion also disrupts the ability of water hydrate cells.
Consider the popular "Micro-Water(MW)" water electrolyzing system for a moment.
MW creates cathodic water(alkaline or reduced water) by attracting cations(such as aluminum compounds) to a negative electrode. Similarly, oxidized or anodic water is created by anions(negatively charged ions, gathering at the positive electrode.
Owners of the MW unit are told to use the cathodic(or cationic) water for drinking(it has a alkaline pH) while the acidic water which is collected at the positive electrode is to be used for washing the skin, etc.
As noted above, colloidal chemistry tells us that using this type of alkaline water clearly causes a disaster for our bodily fluids(which are colloidal solutions) because the cationic concentrate simply goes about neutralizing the individually (negatively) charged colloids and creating the Rouleaux or clumping effect.
The effect is identical to drinking lime in tap water which leads directly to this same type of cellular aggregation. No wonder cardiovascular disease is the number one killer in the US---and is predominant where lime and calcium carbonate materials are prevalent.
Additional Topics on Electrolyzed Water:
Electrolyzed Water in Dentistry/Antiseptic Applications